From the Editor...
In this article series, we will publish three related essays that complement each other within which we discuss whether extracting political from economy or in other words depoliticisation of economy has been realised in Turkey since the beginning of country’s neoliberal transformation in 1980s. We try to problematise the issue in three chapters. This week, we begin with the emergence of Independent Regulatory Authorities in Turkey and provide an insight on their mandate and peculiarities. Then next week, we will focus on early 2000s when Kemal Derviş, as a State Minister responsible for economy at that time, pushed the enactment of several laws ensuring pro-neoliberal economic management and decision making in Turkey. we will conclude by asking the question whether there is a trend towards “repoliticisation” in the AKP era, especially after 2011 in the last week.
Rise of the Independent Regulatory Authorities
The neoliberal transformation in Turkish economy started during early 1980s. With the emergence of neoliberal ideas particularly in the Anglo-Saxon world, Turkey tried to keep up with the new economic world order. Along with new regulations and laws, the need for several organisational structures prevailed with a view to put neoliberal ideas into practice. In this sense, Independent Regulatory Authorities (IRAs), as they are called, which are the cornerstones of any economy bureaucracy that would like to embrace neoliberal thought, became prevalent structures in Turkey’s economic decision making.